Fencing

Posts about modern sports fencing

Weapons: Sabre

Weapon - sabreThe sabre can score by hitting with the edge as well as the point. Target area for sabre is the body above the hips, including the arms and head. The blade of the sabre can be up to 88 cm long, and is usually lighter than a foil blade. The handguard is much larger than a foil’s, and curves back over the knuckles to end of the handle. As with foil, right-of-way rules determine who scores if both fencers are hit. Off target hits in sabre are ignored and do not stop the action.

Target area: for Sabre, as a former cavalry weapon – everything above the waist (shown in red).

sabre target areas

Weapons: Epée

Weapon - epeeThe Epée, like the foil, is a point-only weapon. Unlike foil and sabre, the entire body is target in Epée, and there are no right-of-way rules. Whoever hits first scores; if both fencers hit at the same time, both score.

The Epée is the heavier than the foil or sabre, weighing up to 770 grams (1.7 lbs).

The blade is the same length as the foil, but has a V-shaped cross-section. The hand-guard is circular, but larger and deeper than the foil guard, in order to more fully protect the hand.

Target area: for Epée, descended from the duelling weapon where ‘anything goes’ – whole body (shown in red)

epee target areas

Weapons: The Target Areas

Fencing weapon target areasThe respective target area for each weapon reflects its’ origins:

  • for Foil, as a former training weapon – the trunk of the body only (shown in red)
  • for Sabre, as a former cavalry weapon – everything above the waist (shown in red)
  • for Epée, descended from the duelling weapon where ‘anything goes’ – whole body (shown in red)
Fencing weapon target areas
Above: target areas for foil, epée and sabre.